Ethics Literature

Collection of Literature on the Ethics of Digital DIY 

[last edit: 08.06.2016]

  1. ACE European Group (2014), 'Printing in the Third Dimension', ACE Insight. <>.
  2. Alheit, K. (2001), 'The Applicability of the EU Product Liability Directive to Software', The Comparative and International Law Journal of Southern Africa​, 34 (2), 188-209.
  3. Allen, N. (2013), 'Why 3D Printing Is Overhyped (I Should Know, I Do It For a Living)', Gizmodo. <>.
  4. Anonymous (2011), 'The Printed World', The Economist. <>.
  5. Anonymous (2015), 'Shapeways is 3D printing 181,000 articles per month - 'We are an Amazon for 3D printing'', <>.
  6. Atala, A. (2010), 'Life Extension by Tissue and Organ Replacement', in G. M. Fahy et al. (eds.), The Future of Aging: Pathways to Human Life Extension (Dordrecht, etc.: Springer).
  7. Aziz, J. (2013), 'How 3D Printing Could Take Over the Manufacturing Industry', The Week. <>.
  8. Barnatt, C. (2014), 3D Printing: Second Edition (CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform).
  9. Barry, C. (2015), 'Is Downloading Really Stealing? The Ethics of Digital Piracy', The Conversation. <>.
  10. Becker, J. and O'Donohue, S. (2014), 'Don’t Print Yourself Into a Corner: Product Liability Implications of 3D Printing', <>.
  11. Beckhusen, R. (2013), '3-D Printing Pioneer Wants Government to Restrict Gunpowder, Not Printable Guns', Wired. <>.
  12. Berkowitz, N. D. (2015), 'Strict Liability for Individuals? The Impact of 3-D Printing on Products Liability Law', Washington University Law Review, 92 (4), 1019-53.
  13. Boyle, James (1997), Shamans, Software, and Spleens: Law and the Construction of the Information Society (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press).
  14. Bradshaw, S.; Bowyer, A. and Haufe, P. (2010), 'The Intellectual Property Implications of Low-Cost 3D Printing', SCRIPTed, 7 (1), 5-31.
  15. Bump, P. (2012), 'No, Really, Regulate the Bullets', The Atlantic. <>.
  16. Campbell, T. A. and Cass, W. J. (2013), '3-D Printing Will Be a Counterfeiter's Best Friend', Scientific American. <>.
  17. Cavalcanti, G. (2013), 'Is it a Hackerspace, Makerspace, TechShop, or FabLab?', Make:. <>.
  18. Cohen, I. G. (2013), 'Transplant Tourism: the Ethics and Regulation of International Markets for Organs', J Law Med Ethics, 41 (1), 269-85.
  19. Comerford, P. J. and Belt, E. P. (2015), '3DP, AM, 3DS and Product Liability', Santa Clara Law Review, 55, 821-36.
  20. Council of the European Communities (1985), 'Council Directive of 25 July 1985 on the Approximation of the Laws, Regulations and Administrative Provisions of the Member States Concerning Liability for Defective Products', Official Journal of the European Communities, 85/374/EEC. <>.
  21. Daly, A. (2014), '3D Printing, Weapons and Regulation', in Australian Senate Legal and Constitutional Affairs References Committee (ed.).
  22. D'Aveni, R. (2015), 'The 3-D Printing Revolution', Harvard Business Review. <>.
  23. De Clerq Advocaten Notarissen (2015), 'The Legal Aspects of 3D Printing from a European Perspective' (Leiden/Den Haag). <>.
  24. Depoorter, B. (2014), 'Intellectual Property Infringements & 3D Printing: Decentralized Piracy', Hastings Law Journal, 65 (6), 1483-1504​. 
  25. Desai, D. R. and Magliocca, G. N. (2013), 'Patents, Meet Napster: 3D Printing and the Digitization of Things', Georgetown Law Journal, 102, 1691-720. <>.
  26. DeSimone, J. M. (2015), 'What If 3D Printing Was 100x Faster?', TED talk. <>.
  27. Dodds, S. (2015), '3D Printing Raises Ethical Issues in Medicine', ABC Science. <>.
  28. Dragon 3D impressoras e serviços (2016), 'Will Your 3D-Printer Kill You?', 3D Printer Chat. <>.
  29. Engstrom, N. F. (2013), '3-D Printing and Product Liability: Identifying the Obstacles', University of Pennsylvania Law Review Online, 162 (35), 35-41. <>.
  30. Extance, A. (2015), 'Cosmetics Deals Push Skin 3D Bioprinting', chemistryworld. <>.
  31. Figueroa, A. (2015), 'How Criminals Are Exploiting a Legal Loophole That Lets You Make Guns at Home', Fusion. <>.
  32. Greenbaum, J. (2015), 'Illegal, Immoral, and Here to Stay: Counterfeiting and the 3D Printing Revolution', Wired. <>.
  33. Greenberg, A. (2015), '3-D Printed Gun Lawsuit Starts the War Between Arms Control and Free Speech', Wired. <>.
  34. — (2015), 'I Made an Untraceable AR-15 'Ghost Gun' in My Office - And It Was Easy', Wired. <>.
  35. Harris, A. (2015), 'The Effects of In-home 3D Printing on Product Liability Law', Journal of Science Policy & Governance, 6 (1). <>.
  36. Helbing, Thomas (2015), 'Liability and Warranty for Software under German Law' (Munich: Helbing Law Firm). <>.
  37. Hielscher, Sabine and Smith, Adrian (2014), 'Community-based digital fabrication workshops: A review of the research literature', SPRU Working Paper Series (SWPS), 2014 (8), 1-62. <>.
  38. Houston, K. (2015), 'Bioprinting Meat: The Cultivator', design/curial. <>.
  39. IBISWorld (2015), '3D Printing & Rapid Prototyping Services in the US: Market Research Report'. <>.
  40. Jaccard, M. and Ancelle, J. (2011), 'Introduction to Software Protection under Swiss Law', in The International Free and Open Source Software Law Book (Open Source Press GmbH). <>.
  41. Jones Day (2012), 'Product Law Worldview - Global Product Liability Insurance Issues'. <>.
  42. Kamen, M. (2015), 'Bioprinting Human Tissue May Yield Cruelty-Free Drugs, and Immortality', Wired. <>.
  43. Kantchev, G. (2013), 'Authorities Worry 3-D Printers May Undermine Europe's Gun Laws', The New York Times. <>.
  44. Katyal, N. (2013-14), 'Disruptive Technologies and the Law', Georgetown Law Journal, 102 (6), 1685-9.
  45. Keidar, R. (2014), 'Who is to Blame for Faulty 3D Printed Products?', Inside 3DP. <>.
  46. Kennedy, E. J. and Giampetro-Meyer, A. (2014-15), 'Gearing Up for the Next Industrial Revolution: 3D Printing, Home-Based Factories, and Modes of Social Control', Loyola University Chicago Law Journal, 46 (4), 955-88.
  47. Kinsley, K., Brooks, G. and Owens, T. (2014), 'International Legal and Ethical Challenges Related to the Use and Development of 3D Technology in the U.S. And China', Journal of Knowledge Management, Economics and Information Technology, 4 (3). <>. 
  48. Kirchner, L. L. (2013), 'Who's Liable for Crimes Committed With 3D-Printed Guns?', Mashable. <>.
  49. Krassenstein, Brian (2014), '3D Printing: Employment Boom or Employment Swoon?'. <>.
  50. ­­­— (2015), 'New HSS 3D Printing Process Can Print a Chair in Minutes – Interview with Neil Hopkinson of Sheffield Univ.', <>.
  51. Ledford, Heidi (2015), ‘Printed Body Parts Come Alive’, Nature, 520, 273.
  52. Lindenfeld, E. (forthcoming), '3D Printing of Medical Devices: CAD Designers as the Most Realistic Target for Strict, Product Liability Lawsuits', University of Missouri-Kansas City Law Review, 85.
  53. Lindenfeld, E. and Tran, J. L. (2015), 'Strict Liability and 3D-Printed Medical Devices', Yale Journal of Law & Technology. <>.
  54. Lipson, H. and Kurman, M. (2013), Fabricated : the New World of 3D Printing (Indianapolis, Indiana: John Wiley & Sons).
  55. MacKenzie, Debora (2012), 'Craig Venter's Plan to Email Vaccines Around the World', New Scientist. <>.
  56. Manners-Bell, John and Lyon, Ken (2012), 'The Implications of 3D Printing for the Global Logistics Industry'. <>.
  57. Marchant, Gary E.; Stevens, Yvonne A. and Hennessy, James M. (2014), ‘Technology, Unemployment, & Policy Options: Navigating the Transition to a Better World’, Journal of Evolution and Technology, 24 (1), 26-44.
  58. McNulty, Connor; Arnas, Neyla and Campbell, Thomas A. (2012), ‘Toward the Printed World: Additive Manufacturing and Implications for National Security’, Defense Horizons, 73, 1-16.
  59. Mendis, D., Secchi, D., Reeves, P. (2015), 'A Legal and Empirical Study into the Intellectual Property Implications of 3D Printing', UK Intellectual Property Office. <
  60. Mendoza, Jessica (2015), '3D-Printing Human Skin: The End of Animal Testing?', The Christian Science Monitor. <>.
  61. Mitchell, A. (2013), '3D Printed Bullets, Latest Gun Control Nightmare', Inquisitr. <>.
  62. Moilanen, J.; Daly, A.; Lobato, R. and Allen, D. (2015), 'Cultures of Sharing in 3D Printing: What Can We Learn from the Licence Choices of Thingiverse Users?', Journal of Peer Production, (6). <>.
  63. Moorefield-Lang, H. M. (2015), 'User Agreements and Makerspaces: a Content Analysis', New Library World, 116 (7/8), 358-68.
  64. Müller, Vincent C. (2006), ‘Some Information Is Too Dangerous to Be on the Internet’, ACM SIGCAS Computers and Society, 36 (1).
  65. — (2015), ‘Gun control: A European perspective’, Essays in Philosophy, 16 (2), 247-61.
  66. Müller, Vincent C. and Simpson, Thomas W (2014), 'Killer robots: Regulate, don’t ban', University of Oxford, Blavatnik School of Government Policy Memo, November 2014. <>.
  67. Murphy, S. V. and Atala, A. (2014), ‘3D Bioprinting of Tissues and Organs’, Nat Biotechnol, 32 (8), 773-85.
  68. Neal, Meghan (2014), '3D Bioprinters Could Make Enhanced, Electricity-Generating 'Superorgans'', Motherboard. <>.
  69. Neely, E. (2014), 'The Risks of Revolution: Ethical Dilemmas in 3D Printing', CEPE/ETHICOMP Joint Meeting (Les Cordeliers, Paris, France).
  70. Nielson, H. (2015), 'Manufacturing Consumer Protection for 3-D Printed Products', Arizona Law Review, 57 (2), 609-22.
  71. Nordrum, A. (2015), 'How To Live Longer: Scientists Are Pushing To Make 120 The New 70', International Business Times. <>.
  72. Osborn, L. S. (2014), 'Regulating Three-Dimensional Printing: The Converging Worlds Of Bits And Atoms', San Diego L. Rev., 51 (2), 553-622.
  73. Ossola, A. (2015), 'Replace Your Eyeballs With Synthetic Ones', Popular Science. <>.
  74. Owen, David G. (1993), 'The Moral Foundations of Products Liability Law: Toward First Principles', Notre Dame Law Review, 68, 427-506.
  75. Park, M. H. (2015), 'For a New Heart, Just Click Print: The Effect on Medical and Products Liability from 3-D Printed Organs', Journal of Law, Technology & Policy, 2 (1), 187-210.
  76. Paul, A. G. (2006), 'Liability for Defective Open Source Software', in J. Happe et al. (eds.), Proceedings of the International Research Training Groups Workshop 2006 (Berlin: GITO-Verlag).
  77. Petrick, I. J. and Simpson, T. W. (2013), '3D Printing Disrupts Manufacturing', Research-Technology Management, 56 (6), 12-16.
  78. Piana, C. and Aliprandi, S. (2011), 'Introduction to Software Protection under Italian Law', in The International Free and Open Source Software Law Book (Open Source Press GmbH). <>.
  79. Pierrakakis, K., Kandias, M., Gritzali, C. D., and Gritzalis, D. (2014), '3D Printing and its Regulation Dynamics: The World in Front of a Paradigm Shift', 6th International Conference on Information Law and Ethics, Greece, Law Library Publications. <>.
  80. Rayna, T. and Striukova, L. (2016), 'From Rapid Prototyping to Home Fabrication: How 3D Printing Is Changing Business Model Innovation', Technological Forecasting & Social Change, 102, 214-24.
  81. Reddy, P. (2014), 'The Legal Dimension of 3D Printing: Analyzing Secondary Liability in Additive Layer Manufacturing', Columbia Science and Technology Law Review, 16, 222-47.
  82. Rehman, A. (2015), 'Melbourne Researchers 3D Print Brain Tissue', 3D Print Headquarters. <>.
  83. Sandberg, A. (draft 2015), 'Should we fear biohackers, disgruntled postdocs or bad governments?'.
  84. Schiano, T. D. and Rhodes, R. (2010), 'The Dilemma and Reality of Transplant Tourism: an Ethical Perspective for Liver Transplant Programs', Liver Transpl, 16 (2), 113-7.
  85. Schneier, B. (2008), 'Software Liabilities and Free Software', Schneier on Security. <>.
  86. Scott, Clare (2016a), 'Dutch Students Create a Unique 3D Printed Metal Bicycle with Help from MX3D', <>.
  87. — (2016b), 'MakerBot CEO Expresses Optimism for Company’s Future and Hints at a Major Project in the Works', <>.
  88. Simpson, Thomas W and Müller, Vincent C. (2015), ‘Just war and robots’ killings’, Philosophical Quarterly, online (07.08.2015).
  89. Sonmez, Elif (2014), ‘Cottage Piracy, 3D Printing, and Secondary Trademark Liability: Counterfeit Luxury Trademarks and DIY’, University of San Francisco Law Review, 48 (4), 757-92.
  90. Spence, Michael (2014), 'Labor's Digital Displacement', Project Syndicate. <>.
  91. Stephens, B., Azimi, P., El Orch, Z., and Ramos, T. (2013), 'Ultrafine Particle Emissions from Desktop 3D Printers', Atmospheric Environment, 79, 334-39.
  92. Stevenson, K. (2015a), 'Making 3D Hubs Better', Fabbaloo. <>.
  93. — (2015b), 'Do You Need a Smoke Alarm for your 3D Printer?', Fabbaloo. <>.
  94. TED (2015), 'Playlist: Should we redesign humans?'. <>.
  95. The Headquarters for Japan's Economic Revitalization (2015), 'Japan’s Robot Strategy: Vision, Strategy, Action Plan'. <>.
  96. Tran, J. L. (2015), ‘To Bioprint or Not to Bioprint’, North Carolina Journal of Law and Technology, 17 (1), 123-78.
  97. Troxler, P. and Van Woensel, C. (2016). 'How Will Society Adopt 3D Printing?', in B. Van den Berg et al. (eds.), 3D Printing: Legal, Philosophical and Economic Dimensions (The Hague, The Netherlands: T. M. C. Asser Press).
  98. Tumbleston, J. R. et al. (2015), 'Additive Manufacturing. Continuous Liquid Interface Production of 3D Objects', Science, 347 (6228), 1349-52.
  99. Van Eecke, P. and De Bruyn, J. (2015), '3D Printing 101: Atypical Challenges', DLA Piper. <>.
  100. Varkey, M. and Atala, A. (2015), 'Organ Bioprinting: a Closer Look at Ethics and Policies', Wake Forest Journal of Law & Policy, 5 (2), 275-98.
  101. Vihul, L. (2014), 'The Liability of Software Manufacturers for Defective Products', The Tallinn Papers: a NATO CCD COE Publication on Strategic Cyber Security, 1 (2). <>.
  102. Wallace, Gordon G.; Cornock, Rhys; O'Connell, Cathal D.; Beirne, Stephen; Gilbert, Frederic and Dodds, Susan (2014) 3D Bioprinting: Printing Parts for Bodies [online text] (ARC Centre of Excellence for Electromaterials Science).
  103. Wandt, M. (1999), 'German Approaches to Product Liability', Texas International Law Journal, 34 (1), 71-92.
  104. Wittbrodt, B. T. et al. (2013), 'Life-Cycle Economic Analysis of Distributed Manufacturing With Open-Source 3-D Printers', Mechatronics, 23, 713-26.
  105. Wolf, Marty J and Fresco, Nir (2016), ‘My Liver Is Broken, Can You Print Me a New 2 One?’, in Vincent C. Müller (ed.), Computing and philosophy: Selected papers from IACAP 2014 (Synthese Library, 375; Berlin: Springer), 259-69.
  106. Wolinksy, H. (2014), 'Printing organs Cell-by-Cell: 3-D Printing Is Growing in Popularity, but How Should We Regulate the Application of this New Technology to Health Care?', EMBO Reports, 15 (8), 836-8.